Chloasma

October 26, 2011

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Chloasma is a skin coloration predicament.  People affected with it normally have a brown color and uneven flat spot noticed on the affected area.  The parts of the body usually affected are the chin, nose, lip and cheeks.  The symptom of chloasma is itchy growth on the surface of the skin making it irritating.  It affects pregnant women who have one time or the other made use of conceptive pills and devices.  It is also noticed in men, but the occurrence is more in women than their male counterpart.

Chloasma forms slowly on the surface of the skin.  The causes of the disorder are attributed to excessive production of melanin pigment which can happen is several ways. Melanin pigment can be excessively produced when the skin surface is exposed to ultraviolet radiation.  It can also be produced by the hormones generated by the body during the time of pregnancy or when women use conceptive pills and devices. Melanin pigment can also be produced when thyroid glands malfunctions.

Chloasma can be treated in different ways.  The first method is by using relevant creams which contains chemical elements like hydroquinone and tretinoin.  The chemical elements in hydroquinone have the capacity to inhibit the formation of tyrosinase which also prevents melanin from being produced.  Creams should be applied with caution as it can cause side effects if it is not controlled, though applying a higher concentration will increase the efficiency. Tretinoin on the hand, works by increasing the production of collagen and by doing away with keratin on the surface of the skin.  The two chemical components can be collectively used for effective result.  Azelaic acid can also be used to prevent the production of melanocytes and thereby reducing melanin pigment on the surface of the skin.

Apart from using the above mentioned chemical compounds in creams and azelaic acid to treat Chloasma, chemical peel can be applied to softly get rid of the surface of the skin and thereby eliminating the skin discoloration. Before using this method for treating chloasma, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist who will be able to prescribe the right peel to use for individual’s skin type.

Other ways of treating or removing chloasma are by dermabrasion and laser therapy.  All the treatment mentioned above are costly to undergo.  Some of them have side effects like scars, loss of tissues etc. However, the best thing to do when chloasma is noticed on the surface of the skin is to consult a dermatologist.  They are responsible for diagnosing and treating all skin pigmentation problems.

 

chloasma

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