How To Avoid And Treat Melasma

August 31, 2010
Women are more known to get Melasma than men. Overexposure to the sun will result in obtaining dark skin pigmentation on the face. Various levels of discoloration on the face are commonly classified as Melasma. Dermatologists suggest that the rise in the level of female hormones such as Progesterone and Estrogen is the main reason of Melasma. Women while in their pregnancy will suffer a higher surge of hormones which will contribute to skin pigmentation on the face.   The pregnancy mask or an imbalance of pigments on the facial skin will be lived through by most women during pregnancy. Melasma may also appear due to the use of oral contraceptives. Melasma is more common to appear on those who have darker toned skin.
It is more common for women to have Melasma than Men. Most will experience Melasma during the reproductive stage.  Melasma is commonly termed as facial hyper pigmentation. Excessive exposure to the sun is proven to be one of the main reasons behind Melasma. Studies show that Melasma as a condition may also be acquired from family members.
Melasma has several known forms.  Epidermal Melasma is the mildest condition which affects the outer layer of the skin.   Dermal Melasma is the condition where the skin pigmentation is deeper and would be harder to treat. There are also cases where a person’s facial condition has both Epidermal and Dermal Melasma.
A dermatologist would be able to advise the proper care and medication needed to clear your skin of Melasma.   Avoid self medication and over the counter acid peels as these may worsen the condition or add darker skin spots if not used properly. There will be a set of medications a dermatologist may recommend to help clear out Melasma. Topical medications like creams and liquid peeling agents may be prescribed for less complicated cases of Melasma while others may need to undergo more advanced treatments like laser. The most common remedy would be the chemical peel process. Some people may not be able to use chemical peels as they may experience allergic reactions especially those who have sensitive skin conditions. Other treatment options not chemically induced would be the diamond peel or Microdermabrasion.
Melasma usually exhibits itself on the face particularly on the cheek, upper lip and nose areas.   Sunscreen lotions are highly recommended to be applied on the face to protect from harmful sun rays and avert skin pigmentation. Frequent application of sunscreen on the face and neck area is highly advised.   Further protect your skin by applying sunscreen every 2 hours or so.

Melasma Further ReadingMelasma Further Reading:

Melasma – What Can I do?

Melasma – Treatment Options

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