How To Choose A Sunscreen

August 3, 2010
Sunlight is one of the major factors of developing age spots or hyperpigmentation. Too much exposure to the sun can worsen age spots and pigmentation.   When the skin has been exposed to too much ultraviolet rays, the results can be damaging. Vitamin D production is induced by ultraviolet rays. Some side effects of ultraviolet rays on skin include skin damage and aging of skin.
Through the use of sunscreen, the damage that the sun can bring to the skin could be lessened. Sunscreens work by reflecting or absorbing the extra UV rays that the body doesn’t need. Sunscreens specifically restrain two kinds of UV rays, the UVA and UVB. UVA can cause skin cancer to progress, on the other hand, UVB is the one that causes sunburn. The problem against sunscreens is its unbalanced protection, when UVA is disregarded and UVB is blocked, which can cause more skin damage. In choosing the best sunscreen, especially for people who already have age spots and hyperpigmentation, what should be put in mind?
First, you have to determine your skin type. There are 6 skin types according to Fitzpatrick (1975).
Type I         (1-5 von Luschan scale) very light (celtic/Nordic)
Type II    (6-10 von Luschan scale) light
Type III    (11-15 von Luschan scale) light intermediate, dark skinned European
Type IV    (16-21 von Luschan scale) dark intermediate, Mediterranean
Type V        (22-28 von Luschan scale) dark/ brown type
Type IV    (29-36 von Luschan scale) very dark/black
Also remember the activities you engage in while wearing sunscreen. Then, you can already buy a sunscreen that will fit your needs.   But before buying check on its SPF or sun protection factor. The level of SPF a sunscreen tells the protection it offers, meaning that the amount of SPF is directly proportional to the protection it gives.  The standard SPF measurement is up to 50. Check the label for these ingredients to make sure that the sunscreen will provide effective protection for you: avobenzone, ecamsule or zinc oxide.
Sunscreens come in a selection of lotions or creams. Most whitening lotions have SPF, so they qualify in the sunscreen category. If you just want to protect your age spots or pigmented skin from further damage, it would be better to use just plain sunscreen. It is up to you to find what would be the best sunscreen suited for you, your skin and your lifestyle.
Also remember, sunscreens are not the cure for age spots and pigmentation. If someone with age spots and pigmentation engage in an active outdoor lifestyle, he must use sunscreens although it doesn’t promise complete protection. If you want to totally get rid of your age spots or hyperpigmented skin, then consulting a dermatologist is recommended.

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