Melasma Skin Condition

December 22, 2010

Melasma is more prominent in females with darker skin tones. Though it also occurs in light skinned people and males as well as females. Melasma occurs especially when there is an imbalance in the production of the female hormone {estrogen and progesterone} it can also occur as a result of the over production of melanin in the skin. Over90% of people who suffer from Melasma are women and the regions mostly affected include; the Latin regions, Mediterranean, Asia and North African regions.

Though it is often detected by a dermatologist with the use of Wood’s lamp, however the condition can naturally disappear in dark skin people. The Melasma often appears as dark Hyper-pigmented patches which often appear typically on the face. People who suffer from melasma as a result of pregnancy and hormone therapies may find their melasma problems disappearing after giving birth or stopping the hormone therapy or contraceptive pill. Fraxel repair as well as laser procedures are some of the fastest and effective means of removing or treating melasma in affected individuals.

There are several other options that are available for patients especially those who are having persistent Melasma on their dark skin. Recognizing the risk factors of Melasma is the first step towards preventing or treating the condition, Melasma may reappear after a year or more of treatment and the best possible way of preventing this reoccurrence is to avoid situations that can trigger the problem again.  When an individual is exposed to excessive sunlight , the sun’s ultra violet rays stimulate the melanocytes which produce cells in the skin. This will result in serious hyper-pigmentation problems of the skin.

One other factor that contributes to the development of melasma in dark skin people especially is a genetic factor, some genetic disorders have been found to trigger melasma in at least 15% of people who suffer from it.

Wearing a sunscreen of at least SPF measurement 15 especially during long hours of exposure to excessive sunlight is one of the best possible ways of avoiding melasma or preventing the condition from getting worse or reappearing especially after treatment. Melasma is more prevalent in dark skinned people and the major risk factor is sunlight UV rays which are in abundant in tropical regions. It is important to note that the use of harmful chemical products as well as unhealthy habits such as smoking and unhygienic practices will aggravate the condition.

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