Melasma is a condition that involves the discoloration of the skin usually on the face. Melasma is a result of too much exposure to sunlight. Melasma patches appear on the nose, lips, upper cheek, upper lip and the forehead. It mostly occurs in women than men. Genetic predisposition and hormonal imbalance plays a major role to determine if one will develop Melasma or not.
What causes hormonal imbalance
Hormonal imbalance in pregnant women is common and thus more likely to be affected by Melasma. Those women who use oral contraceptives and hormonal replacement therapy are at risk and can get Melasma too.
Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy
Pregnant women can get Melasma due to hormonal change in their bodies and when they give birth it disappears. When pregnant women experience changes in their hormones leading to production of estrogen it causes excessive production of melanin. When exposed to sunlight Melasma is developed.
Those using oral contraceptives are also at a risk of developing Melasma. Oral contraceptives contain hormones and this can lead to excessive production of melanin hence malasma.
Hormonal replacement therapy
Hormonal replacement therapy is another cause of hormonal changes in the body. It can lead to more production of estrogen which in return causes too much production of melanin. When exposed to sunlight one develops Melasma.
Malasma treatment can differ from one individual to another. It is therefore important that you consult a doctor before treating Melasma. A dermatologist will help you determine the best treatment for you skin.
A pregnant woman is advised not to use peels, beaches or any other chemical to treat Melasma. Sunscreens are more appropriate to use to prevent Melasma and they should be applied all day.
Other people who are not pregnant after consulting with the doctor, can use the appropriate treatment to treat Melasma. Some of the treatments available include creams for lightening the skin, use of laser treatment, use of chemical peels among others.
Creams contain a chemical compounds called hydroquinone which helps to reduce production of melanin by stopping production of estrogen. This chemical is applied on the affected area in a form of alcohol solution. Too much hydroquinone can cause adverse effects.
Chemical peels that can be used include glycolic acid peels which can be mixed with bleaching creams to achieve better results.
Laser method can be used for treating Melasma and it can achieve best result. It is expensive method for treating Melasma.