Melasma Treatment

October 5, 2011

Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a skin coloration disorder that is prevalent among women during the pregnancy period.  Men can also be affected with the skin disorder.  The skin pigmentation problem can be noticed on the cheeks, upper lips and on the brow.  Melasma is caused by excessive production of hormones such as estrogen and testosterone.  Exposing the skin to excessive sunlight can also cause melasma.  It is normally seen as brown colored flat spot on the affected area of the skin.  It is prevalent in summer when the intensity of the sun is very high.

Hormonal change as mentioned above is the main cause of melasma in women.  It is also possible to develop melasma if there is a strong history of the disorder in people’s family line. Melasma is not difficult to diagnose as it can be physically seen on the surface of the skin. Melasma can be treated using various methods like laser, chemical peel, skin lightening treatments and protection from excessive sunlight.

Laser treatments are recommended for people who have gone through different types of melasma treatment with no tangible result. Examples of laser treatment are fraxel dual laser method and the use of relevant medicines. It is an effective method of removing and clearing the skin disorder.

Chemical peel is another effective method of treating melasma.  This method involves the use of acidic elements to eliminate the intensity of melanin pigment on the surface of the skin.  Different types of acids are used to accomplish an efficient result.  The acids include azailic, lactic, trichloroacetic acids etc.  For effective results, the concentration of the acids should be high, though it may results to side effects like peeling and scarring.

Another method of treating melasma is through the use of creams that can lighten the skin.  One of the common agents that are usually used in treating melasma is hydroquinone.  Using hydroquinone has some noticeable side effects such as dark spots on the affected area and the skin may look like pasty white in some cases. The concentration of hydroquinone should be between 2-4%.  Anything higher than that is in excess and can lead to dangerous side effects.

No matter the level and amount of treatment applied, melasma will not be permanently removed if the skin dermis is always exposed to direct sunlight. The skin surface areas should be protected from excessive sunlight by the use of sunscreen. They protect the body against harmful effect of sunrays.

All these methods are capable of removing melasma totally from the skin. But, before using them, appropriate consultation should be done with dermatologists to be properly guided.


Recent Melasma Articles:

Treatment Options For Melasma

Melasma Skin Disorder And Women


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