April 9, 2010

Melasma or Chloasma is one of the most common skin disorders today.  People suffering from Melasma are prevalently female in their reproductive years, although approximately 10% of the male population has also been diagnosed with this disease of the skin.

Melasma is actually the medical word for “skin discoloration” and although it is harmless, it can cause a high degree of insecurity from a cosmetic point of view.  Unfortunately, Melasma is highly visible and since it can often be found on the cheeks, lips, forehead and nose – there is simply no hiding it behind some strategically placed clothing.

Although there has been much talk about hormonal imbalances causing Melasma, the main attributing factor can directly be related to sun exposure.  Once again, the medical field has done extensive research into the causes behind many of the skin diseases and it has found that in most cases, prolonged exposure to the sun has been the main culprit.

When it comes to skin conditions such as Melasma, staying away from the harmful rays of the sun is definitely the number one prescribed medication.   This means that choosing the right sunscreen is crucial when you have to get outdoors – and choosing an SPF of at least 30 is recommended.

Hormonal imbalances have also been known to trigger Melasma and this disease in not uncommon in pregnant women or in women who are on birth control pills.

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