Melasma Treatment

October 5, 2011

Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a skin coloration disorder that is prevalent among women during the pregnancy period.  Men can also be affected with the skin disorder.  The skin pigmentation problem can be noticed on the cheeks, upper lips and on the brow.  Melasma is caused by excessive production of hormones such as estrogen and testosterone.  Exposing the skin to excessive sunlight can also cause melasma.  It is normally seen as brown colored flat spot on the affected area of the skin.  It is prevalent in summer when the intensity of the sun is very high.

Hormonal change as mentioned above is the main cause of melasma in women.  It is also possible to develop melasma if there is a strong history of the disorder in people’s family line. Melasma is not difficult to diagnose as it can be physically seen on the surface of the skin. Melasma can be treated using various methods like laser, chemical peel, skin lightening treatments and protection from excessive sunlight.

Laser treatments are recommended for people who have gone through different types of melasma treatment with no tangible result. Examples of laser treatment are fraxel dual laser method and the use of relevant medicines. It is an effective method of removing and clearing the skin disorder.

Chemical peel is another effective method of treating melasma.  This method involves the use of acidic elements to eliminate the intensity of melanin pigment on the surface of the skin.  Different types of acids are used to accomplish an efficient result.  The acids include azailic, lactic, trichloroacetic acids etc.  For effective results, the concentration of the acids should be high, though it may results to side effects like peeling and scarring.

Another method of treating melasma is through the use of creams that can lighten the skin.  One of the common agents that are usually used in treating melasma is hydroquinone.  Using hydroquinone has some noticeable side effects such as dark spots on the affected area and the skin may look like pasty white in some cases. The concentration of hydroquinone should be between 2-4%.  Anything higher than that is in excess and can lead to dangerous side effects.

No matter the level and amount of treatment applied, melasma will not be permanently removed if the skin dermis is always exposed to direct sunlight. The skin surface areas should be protected from excessive sunlight by the use of sunscreen. They protect the body against harmful effect of sunrays.

All these methods are capable of removing melasma totally from the skin. But, before using them, appropriate consultation should be done with dermatologists to be properly guided.

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Melasma Skin Disorder And Women

 

Melasma Skin Disorder And Women

September 28, 2011

Melasma is also referred to as mask of pregnancy and it results from excess pigmentation which is determined by female sexual hormones. Melasma is a condition that is only rampant among women. Melasma result from the excess production of female sexual hormones- progesterone and estrogen , it also occur in the stimulation of melanocyte production. One of the main factors which is responsible for triggering melasma problem in men is the sunlight rays. Melasma is also common among women with lighter complexion.

 

There are several other factors that may trigger melasma skin disorder in women, these include; Hormone therapy, Birth control pill administration, pregnancy, Stress, Thyroid problems, and Genetic factors.  The most prominent symptoms of melasma in women is the appearance of dark coloured patches especially in the forehead, nose, upper lip and the upper cheeks. These symptoms can worsen as the skin is being exposed to excessive sunlight.

 

Just like several other skin infections, Melasma can also be treated in a number of ways. Though melasma may fade away gradually after pregnancy or after birth control or hormone pills have been discontinued. Aside the discontinuation of these pills, Melasma can also be treated in a number of ways . Melasma can be faded away with the use of creams and lotions which contain a safe quantity of Hydroquinone . Glycolic acid and Azelaic acid can also be used in fading away melasma skin disorder.

 

Chemical peels can also be used in the treatment of melasma. Chemical peels are effective in the sense that they drastically fade away and improve the complexion of the skin. Laser treatments such as laser resurfacing can also be very effective in the treatment of melasma , such laser treatments come with very minimal side effects and they improve and rejuvenate the skin conditions.

 

It is very important to note that surgical treatments , chemical treatments as well as laser surgery are not administered on a patient especially during pregnancy, these treatments may affect the growing baby in a number of ways, hence it will not be ideal to subject the mother and child to dangers, such treatments may however be administered after birth and when melasma is still present.

 

Melasma fading creams and lotions are quite safe to apply during pregnancy, they gradually fade away the melasma appearances without any harm being done on the child. They my take time to be effective but they are very effective.

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Melasma Treatments For Those With Dark Skin 

Treating a dark skinned patient with melasma is a daunting task. This is due to the fact melasma is hard to detect in persons with dark complexion due to the lack of contrast between melasma and the dark skin. There are skin lotion products available that are specifically manufactured to treat melasma on persons with dark skin. However, the ineffectiveness of the product or the lack of adherence to the application of the product often worsens the melasma instead of removing it.

Read the Instructions Carefully

When using a skin lotion to treat melasma always read the instructions on how to properly apply the product on your skin. Determine the ideal amount, the number of times it should be applied daily, the duration of the use of the skin lotion and other relevant information such as the things to avoid after applying the skin lotion. Never over use a skin lotion to treat your melasma as it can further damage your skin and worsen melasma.

Consult a Skin Expert

Before using any skin lotion to treat your melasma consult a dermatologist first. Some skin lotions are meant for specific types of skin and you may end up using a lotion that is not ideal for your type of skin. The dermatologist will also determine the sensitivity of your skin and will give you a list of ingredients or chemicals found on skin lotions that you should avoid.

Test if You are Pregnant

Skin lotions for melasma often contain chemicals that can affect the development of the fetus of a pregnant woman. If you suspect that you might be pregnant, consult your doctor before applying the skin lotion to avoid harming the baby inside you. You can also choose to purchase a pregnancy test kit at your local supermarket to check if you are pregnant or not.

Be Patient

Skin lotions for melasma often take four days before you will be able to see any signs melasma dissipation. Do not discontinue using the product after only a week at least advised by your doctor. This will prevent you from shifting to another skin lotion. The more types of skin lotion you apply on your skin the more chances that your skin will be irritated.

Avoid the Sun

Avoid exposing yourself directly in the sun when you are using any skin lotion to treat your melasma. Keeping yourself away from the sun will assist the skin lotion in removing your melasma effectively. If it cannot be helped, apply sunscreen on your skin before going out into the sun or use a large umbrella.

 

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Treatment Options For Melasma

September 8, 2011

Melasma is a skin condition where the skin changes coloration. It changes to black and tan. This skin condition is characterized by irregular patches. The patches can also be black in color. Melasma affects many body parts. They include the lips, forehead, cheek and nose.

Melasma has no other symptoms apart from the ones listened. This skin condition can affect anyone but it is more common in women who take use oral birth control methods and women who are pregnant. Melasma can disappear after you seize using the contraceptives and after you deliver. Nevertheless, you can still seek treatment.

There are different treatment options for melasma. Azelaic acid is a good option for treatment for melasma. It works by decreasing the activity of melanocytes. Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin in the skin.

Melasma can be treated by laser resurfacing. This is the use of a laser beam to treat melasma. Laser treatments are very effective and fast but they are costly too.

Skin lightening creams are used to treat melasma. These creams work by changing the color of the patches and after continued use; you will have your even skin back.

Hydroquinone is another treatment option for melasma. This element simply works by reducing production of melanin. This treatment has a powerful component known as hydroxyphenolic which prevents tyrosinase.

Chemical peels are also used to treat melasma. These peels are different and there is a wide range to choose from. The most popular is glycolic acid peel. It is very safe and compatible with most skins.

Sun protection is also treatment for this skin disorder. The sun’s harmful UV light is not good for skin that has melasma. The sun’s rays destroy the skin and make the situation worse. Sun avoidance is considered the best treatment for this skin disorder as whatever treatment you might use, there will not be impressive progress without avoiding the sun. The sun destroys the skin hence exposing yourself to the sun will simply be taking you two steps back.

Finally, you need to note that melasma is not easily treated. It takes a lot of time for the patches to disappear and a lot of patience is needed. Recurrences are also very likely. Please ensure that you also avoid contact with the sun as this will trigger more reoccurrences. If you have to go out in the sun, use sunscreen with a broad spectrum.

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Will My Children Get Melasma?

Melasma is a skin disorder where the skin changes color in a process known as discoloration. The skin changes to black or tan. This mostly affects light skinned people as they have less melanin. Living in a region with intense sunlight puts you at a higher risk. This skin condition is noncancerous.

Most parents wonder whether their children can get melasma. The answer to this can be found by understanding the causes of the skin condition. Melasma is hereditary. This means that it can be passed from parent to child, from generation to generation. If you have a family history of melasma, then your child has a chance of getting this skin condition. In this case, there is nothing you can do to prevent your child form getting melasma.

Overexposure to the sun puts one at risk of melasma. Children do like playing a lot and it is part of their life and growth. The sun is very harmful when it comes to what it does to the skin. The sun damages the skin and leads to excessive production of melanin. Ensure that your child avoids plying in the sun. Your child must play in a shade or even play in the house. There is plenty of involving indoor games that your child could engage in. your child should also avoid going out in the sun when it is peak. The sun is at is best between 10.00 am and 3.00 pm. Your child should always use sunscreen of broad spectrum when out in the sun. Sunscreen shields the skin from the harmful UV light.

People with light skins are very susceptible to melasma. This is even more risky when the person is exposed to intense sunlight. If this is the state with your child, take precautions.

As you treat melasma, you should keep in mind that you will retrogress if your use good treatment and still expose your child to the sun. Please ensure that your child avoids the sun when undergoing treatment.

Finally, it is very important to note that melasma affects anyone. It can be spotted in children, women and men. It is not a respecter of age. Nevertheless, it is a harmless skin condition and treatment for it is only sought for cosmetic purposes. As you seek treatment, bear in mind that melasma is difficult to treat and you need to be patient and committed to the treatment.

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What Is Melasma?

August 24, 2011

Melasma is a patchy brown skin discoloration which can normally be seen on the upper lip, upper cheeks, forehead and chin of women between 20 to 50 years old. Constant exposure to the heat of the sun is the main suspect for melasma although there are recent studies that certain medicines such as birth control pills, progesterone, HRT and anti-siezure medications can trigger melasma. Although melasma is common in women, it is uncommon in men.

A recent survey by the American Medical Association found out that melasma is frequent in pregnant women and on women undergoing hormonal changes. The survey also indicated that women of Asian, Hispanic or Middle Eastern descent are also more prone to melasma. People who have dark or olive skin are also more prone to melasma.

There are four known types of melasma – the mixed, the dermal, the epidermal and one unclassified type of melasma that is common on dark skinned people. The epidermal type of melasma is caused by the excessive presence of melanin in the skin’s superficial layer. The dermal type of melasma is due to the existence of abnormal amounts of melanophages in the dermis. The mixed type is the combination of the dermal and epidermal type of melasma. The unclassified type of melasma is known to be caused by the presence of excess melanocytes in dark-skinned people.

The exact medical reason why elasma occurs is still unknown. Although frequent exposure to the UV rays of the sun is pointed out as a contributing factor, there are other factors as well. One of such factor is heredity. If your parents or grandparents have melasma then you have an increased chance of acquiring melasma once your reach the age of twenty.

Some chemicals that are used during skin treatments, especially chemicals that produce skin irritation, are known to increase the melanin levels in your skin and induce the occurrence of melasma. It is therefore advisable to consult a skin expert before using any skin treatment products that you purchase off market shelves.

Like liver spots, melasma can be prevented by limiting the amount of time that you spend under the sun. Whenever our for extended periods of time, always apply a high SPF sunscreen on your skin. Although melasma is relatively harmless, have a skin biopsy if you detect excessive and abnormal presence of melasma on your face.

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Dealing With Melasma

 

Dealing With Melasma

August 17, 2011

Melasma is a skin disorder that may come in form of several colours, most predominantly brown patches, tan, or grayish skin discolourations. Sun rays are mostly responsible for the development of melanoma, however other factors such as hormonal changes, and birth control pills usage can also trigger the skin infection. Melasma is more common among women who are in their reproductive years. One of the ways through which it is very difficult to deal with melasma is that it usually occur on the face making it extremely difficult to conceal or treatable.

 

Melasma may fade away on its own , however to make it happen fast, it will be ideal to use some formulated melasma skin lightening cream to clear away the melasma growth on the skin. Some of the other likely ways of allowing melasma to clear up itself from the skin especially in women is for them to discontinue birth control pills and protect their skin from excessive sun rays through the use of sunscreens.

 

Over-the-counter melasma treatment creams are ideal for lightening melasma on the skin, Most of these creams contain essential lightening agents such as Azelaic acid, Kojic acid, Tazarotene retinoic acids and much more. There are some possible side effects such as skin irritation and redness when these creams are excessively used on sensitive skins. Chemical peels may be used in place of over-the-counter medications but must be used to treat melasma by a trained professional. The chemical peel placed on the skin will trigger skin blisters once the operation is started, after blistering, the outermost layer peels off leaving a new and rejuvenated skin surface.

 

Microdermabrassion  is another melasma skin treatment which looks similar to chemical peels. Though it is performed by a trained professional, however there are some simple microdermabrassion kits which has been developed to help individuals suffering melasma apply microdermabrassion in their homes. Microdermabrassion involves the use of abrasive agents to remove the outer damaged layer of the skin. Microdermabrassion is a non invasive melasma treatment which requires no downtime and it comes with a very minimal likely side effect. Multiple treatments may be needed for microdermabrassion to effectively remove melasma completely.

 

Cryotherapy is another melasma treatment which involves the freezing of melasma growth with freezing liquid Nitrogen . After freezing, the damaged skin tissues peel off , revealing new , and unaffected skin layer. This treatment may come with some slight inflammation as side effects .

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You can treat melasma by applying home facial creams on the concerned areas of your skin. Facial creams work by reducing the amount of melanin in your skin.  Aside from this you can also opt to undergo laser therapy, mechanical exfoliation or chemical exfoliation.

Chemical Exfoliation

There are various types of chemical peels that you can use to treat melasma. There are chemical peels that use 30 percent glycolic acid and chemical peels that use up to 70 percent of glycolic acid to treat melasma. Each chemical peel treatment should be individually catered to each patient depending on the degree of the melasma and the color of the skin of the patient.

Mechanical Exfoliation

Mechanical exfoliation, also called microdermabrasion, uses a vacuum-like device and crystals of aluminum oxide to safely exfoliate or remove the upper layer of the skin. The amount of pressure on the vacuum device is adjusted according to the tolerance and sensitivity of the skin of the patient. A single session of mechanical exfoliation can last from 15 minutes to an hour depending on the patient’s melasma. It normally takes more than one session of mechanical exfoliation to detect visible reduction of melasma on the skin of the patient. Mechanical exfoliation is best used together with the application of sunscreen and other skin care products.

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy is a non-evasive medical procedure to treat melasma. A special laser is used directly on the skin to superheat and destroy the melasma cells in your skin. Although undergoing therapy can reduce the amount of melasma cells in your skin, it is discouraged by some skin experts due to a recent study that indicates that laser therapy can worsen the onslaught of some types of melasma. It is therefore advisable to consult a physician before undergoing laser therapy for your melasma. Like mechanical exfoliation, laser therapy is most effective when done two to three times.

 

There are certain precautions that you should do once you have undergone melasma treatment procedures. After a chemical peel, laser therapy or microdermabrasion, avoid exposing your skin from the heat of the sun. Pregnant women are discouraged to undergo any type of melasma treatment procedure and even using skin treatment products to avoid the possible risk of harming the fetus inside the womb. Instead, pregnant women can choose to use cosmetics to cover the skin discoloration attributed to melasma.

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How To Treat Melasma

August 3, 2011

Melasma is a skin disorder that is characterized by discoloration of the skin. Black and tan patches that are irregular in shape occur on the skin.

There are many ways of getting rid of melasma. Treatment usually depends on how deep it has affected the skin. There are types that affects only the epidermis while there are types that affects the skin up to the dermis.

Laser treatment takes good care of melasma. It is very fast in doing this job and is very much preferred by many people. However, this treatment is expensive.

Getting rid of melasma is an easy task if you are using chemical peels. With chemical peels, all you have to do is apply the mask on the affected area and let it dry for sometime. You are then to peel off the mask and this will cause a blister on the skin. After sometime, new and healthy skin will grow back.

There are many skin lightening creams. These creams work by changing the pigmentation on the affected areas. This method is not advisable for dark skinned people as it gives them an uneven skin tone.

Lemon juice is another way of getting rid of melasma. It is an effective home remedy but it takes time to completely work. After a month’s use you should begin seeing changes in your skin. Lemon juice burns the patches and after some time, they fall off and pigmentation changes when new skin grows.

Yogurt is very good for the teeth. Did you know that it is as good on melasma? It cleanses and moisturizes the patches. Before taking a bath in the evening, apply some yogurt on the affected areas. This is to be done 30 minutes prior to showering. After rinsing off, you will feel your skin feeling smoother and softer.

Use vinegar on melasma. Rinse the skin with diluted vinegar and do not pat dry. Let the air to lock in moisture in the skin.

Finally, you should note that melasma can disappear on its own. Nevertheless, this is not the case in all cases. Women who got melasma when they were pregnant have it disappear after child birth. For those who got it when they took oral contraceptives, melasma usually disappears after they seize to use this form of contraceptive. This is not the case with men. Melasma does disappear rarely in men especially the ones with darker skin.

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Melasma On The Face

 

Melasma On The Face

July 27, 2011

Melasma is a skin condition that is brought about by the skin discolouring. The skin changes colour to black and tan. The skin usually develops dark and irregular patches due to this skin condition. It is prevalent in pregnant women and women who are taking oral contraceptives. It is a harmless skin disorder and treatment for melasma is only for cosmetic reasons. Melasma affects several parts like the cheeks, neck, nose and lips.

Melasma on the face is characterized by dark and irregular patches on certain areas of the face. It will show in the upper lip, the chins, the forehead and the nose. The patches are unappealing and though they are harmless, treatment is sought to improve how the skin looks like.

Melasma on the face can be caused by genetics. It is said to be hereditary and therefore having a family history of melasma puts you at risk of the condition. There are things that you do which might put you at a higher risk of getting melasma.

Taking phototoxic drugs puts you at risk of getting this skin condition. Some cosmetics and anti-malarial drugs also put you at risk of getting this skin condition. These work by making the skin more susceptible to light damage.

Melasma is usually diagnosed by a dermatologist visually. An apparatus known as wood’s lamp is used to check for excess melanin in the epidermis which is the outer most layer of the skin.

There are numerous treatment options for melasma. Onions grated at home and mixed with apple cider vinegar work wonders. You can also use diluted vinegar to treat melasma. Take vinegar and mix it with water in a 1:1 ratio and use it to rinse your face. This will cleanse your face. Yogurt is a very good remedy for melasma. It has cleansing and moisturizing aspects. Apply some yogurt on your face 30 minutes before you take a shower then rinse it off with water. The patches will soften and get nicely moisturized. Laser treatments are also used on melasma.

Finally, melasma on the face is very harmless. The only harm it can bring is the feeling of less self-esteem in the concerned person. You will be very comfortable and happy when your face is in good shape and that is why people who have melasma have lower self esteems. Treatment for this skin condition becomes necessary at this stage.

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