Things To Know About Melasma

August 10, 2010

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Melasma is known to be one of the most common skin disorders especially amongst women. Overexposure to the sun will result in having dark skin pigmentation on the face. Melasma is a dark skin discoloration usually seen as pigment patches on the face. Estrogen and Progesterone are female hormones which are believed by physicians to be the main contributors in skin pigmentation. During pregnancy, it would be common for some women to have darker skin patches or discoloration due to the rise of various hormones.   The pregnancy mask or an imbalance of pigments on the skin on the face will be experienced by most women during pregnancy. Oral contraceptives are also known to be one of the causes of Melasma due to its causes on the various hormones in the body. Melasma is more common to appear on those who have darker toned skin.

Men are less subjected to have Melasma than women as proven in most clinical studies. Most will experience Melasma during the reproductive stage.  Melasma is commonly called as facial hyper pigmentation. Most cases of skin hyper discoloration is due to unprotected sun exposure. Studies show that Melasma as a condition may also be hereditary from family members.

Melasma has several known kinds.  Epidermal Melasma is the mildest condition which affects the outer layer of the skin.   Skin hyper pigmentation that runs deeper into the skin or Dermal Melasma is known to be harder to treat. Certain situations may even have both Epidermal and Dermal Melasma present on various areas of the face.

For those who want to get rid of Melasma and other unsightly skin pigmentations, it would be best to consult a dermatologist.    Quick fixes such as over the counter acid peels and skin medications are not recommended without proper medical advice and may cause more damage than repair. Your dermatologist will suggest a treatment solution dependent on the condition of Melasma you have. Topical medications like creams and liquid peeling agents may be prescribed for simple cases of Melasma while others may need to undergo more complex treatments like laser. A chemical peel would be the most basic process used for skin pigmentations. Some people may not be able to use chemical peels as they may experience allergic reactions particularly those who have sensitive skin types. Other treatment options not chemically induced would be the diamond peel or Microdermabrasion.

Parts where Melasma is most apparent would be the cheeks, upper lip and nose areas.  Sunscreen lotions are highly recommended to be spread on the face to screen from harmful sun rays and avoid skin pigmentation. Apply sunscreen protection regularly throughout the face and even the neck and nape.   Further protect your skin by applying sunscreen every 2 hours or so.

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