Things To Know About Melasma

August 2, 2010
Women are more known to acquire Melasma than men. It usually appears on the areas of the face which are regularly exposed to the sun. Uneven skin tone on the face is commonly a indication of Melasma. Estrogen and Progesterone are female hormones which are known by physicians to be the major causes in skin pigmentation. During pregnancy, it would be common for some women to have darker skin patches or discoloration due to the rise of various hormones.   Most women will experience having “the mask of pregnancy” with evident darker skin patches on the face. Oral contraceptives are also known to be one of the main contributors of Melasma due to its effects on the various hormones in the body. Those that have darker skin types are more likely to have Melasma.
Men are less prone to have Melasma than women as proven in most clinical studies. It would be less likely to contract Melasma during the pre-reproductive stages.   Melasma is commonly called as facial hyper pigmentation. Melasma is obtained from overexposure from the sun. A history of Melasma conditions among family members can also contribute to a person acquiring it.
There are different types of Melasma patterns.   The mildest form of skin pigmentation is called Epidermal Melasma which involves only the outer skin layer.  Skin hyper pigmentation that runs deeper into the skin or Dermal Melasma is known to be harder to treat. There are also cases where a person’s facial condition has both Epidermal and Dermal Melasma.
For those who want to get rid of Melasma and other unsightly skin pigmentations, it would be best to consult a dermatologist.    Quick fixes such as over the counter acid peels and skin medications are not advisable without proper medical advice and may cause more harm than repair. There will be a set of medications a dermatologist may recommend to help clear out Melasma. Topical medications like creams and liquid peeling agents may be prescribed for simple cases of Melasma while others may need to undergo more superior treatments like laser. A chemical peel would be the most basic process used for skin pigmentations. Some people may not be able to use chemical peels as they may encounter allergic reactions particularly those who have sensitive skin types. For those opting for a non-chemical based treatment, Microdermabrasion or what is commonly known as a diamond peel would be another way to peel off the skin affected by Melasma.
Melasma usually exhibits itself on the face particularly on the cheek, upper lip and nose areas.   Sunscreen lotions are highly recommended to be applied on the face to shield from harmful sun rays and prevent skin pigmentation. Regular application of sunscreen on the face and neck area is highly advised.   Applying sun block lotions or creams regularly throughout the day will guarantee that your skin is fully covered from the harmful rays of the sun thus avoiding the presence of Melasma.

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